Zaino rana

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Zaino rana

Evaluation by exercise testing of the child with cerebral palsy. Subjects performed the knee flexion and sit and reach tests to assess flexibility. Bull Hosp Jt Dis. Of potential relevance, Verschuren et al. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. Mostly—and you will see that there are some exceptions—nouns ending in - o are masculine and nouns ending in - a are feminine and then there is the vast world of sostantivi in - e , which we discuss below. Vino , gatto , parco , and albero are masculine nouns wine, cat, park, and tree ; macchina , forchetta , acqua , and pianta are feminine car, fork, water, and plant. The first metabolic test consisted of a 6-min walk over 5 m. The first neuromuscular test was a power half squat.

Whole-body vibration training compared with resistance training: effect on spasticity, muscle strength and motor performance in adults with cerebral palsy. The article, together with a series of other parts of speech in a sentence such as adjectives and pronouns, tell you if a noun is masculine or feminine. Average Zainal life expectancy in was 76 years. In the plural, these just drop the final - o :. Search US census records for Zainal. These change only in the article interestingly they change in English in the plural :. Student t -tests for independent samples were used for matching comparisons and for conditioning differences. Please review our privacy policy. First Name. If you are just learning a new noun in - e , you should look it up to find out.

Med Sci Sports Exerc. Of potential relevance, Verschuren et al. Percent differences in cardiorespiratory, metabolic, and neuromuscular performance between youth with CP and age-matched healthy participants are illustrated in Fig. Open in a separate window. To know whether a word that ends in - e is feminine or masculine you can look at the article, if you have one available, or other clues in the sentence. Please review our privacy policy. Evaluation by exercise testing of the child with cerebral palsy. Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics like red hair. Avery D.

Cerebral palsy improvement achieved by coordination dynamics therapy. Due to the peripheral limitations in youth with CP and related safety concerns during exercise testing, all participants were allowed to hold the handrail of the treadmill with one hand and a research assistant stood on the frame of the treadmill behind each participant. Since the lingering effects of fatigue from the global test battery could influence energy cost and metabolic measures, these tests were performed first. Of potential relevance, Verschuren et al. If you are just learning a new noun in - e , you should look it up to find out. Consequently, children with CP tend to engage in less regular physical activity than able-bodied peers and this can adversely affect their long-term health and well-being Van den Berg-Emons et al. Support Center Support Center. It appears that as the neuromuscular demands of a selected performance measure increase, the differences in performance between healthy participants and youth with CP become more apparent. Bar-Or noted that anaerobic endurance was the best indicator of functional capacity in children with neural disorders since most of their tasks fall into this metabolic milieu. The majority of the tests used in the present investigation have been used by other investigators Ahlborg et al.

Although several cardiorespiratory and metabolic variables showed minimal differences between groups, differences in neuromuscular performance between healthy participants and youth with CP were most apparent. To address this gap in the research literature, the current study compared cardiorespiratory fitness, energy expenditure, anaerobic endurance, muscle strength, agility, stability, balance, and flexibility in children with CP with healthy, age- and sex-matched children. Vino , gatto , parco , and albero are masculine nouns wine, cat, park, and tree ; macchina , forchetta , acqua , and pianta are feminine car, fork, water, and plant. Look up another name. This page needs Javascript enabled in order to work properly. Search US census records for Zainal. Res Dev Disabil. Children in both groups participated in 3 familiarization sessions on nonconsecutive days of the week prior to testing in order to practice each test protocol and become familiar with the equipment. Reliability of tests to determine peak aerobic power, anaerobic power and isokinetic muscle strength in children with spastic cerebral palsy.

Initial speed was set at 2. This observation, along with the lower peak HR in children who have CP, may reflect the noteworthy importance of muscle endurance limitations during graded exercise testing in youth with CP. Please review our privacy policy. The inclusion criteria were that each subject a was aged between 6 yr and 15 yr old; b had been diagnosed as a spastic diplegic by a medical practitioner; c had a Gross Motor Function Classification System of level I or II determined by a medical pratitioner; d had not been subject to any orthopedic surgery for the year preceding the start of the study; e had not been subject to any botulinum toxin injection to the lower extremities for three months preceding the start of the study; and f had nonaffected cognitive abilities. Future studies involving youth with CP should define a more functional test of muscular power Notwithstanding this limitation, it is important to note that muscular power generation directly influences performance in tests of stability and anaerobic endurance In addition, these tests take into account the stretch-shortening cycle, key for gait efficiency, which should be addressed in future studies as plyometric Moreau et al. Timed up and down stairs test: preliminary reliability and validity of a new measure of functional mobility. Maximal strength testing in healthy children. To know whether a word that ends in - e is feminine or masculine you can look at the article, if you have one available, or other clues in the sentence.

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Zaino rana

In fact, most nouns that end in - co take - chi in the plural; most nouns that end in - go take - ghi in the plural. These pluralize in what appears to be a singular feminine with a plural article:. With them, the article la changes to le. Ped Phys Ther. Within this group it is helpful to know, for example, that all words ending in - zione are feminine:. Pediatr Phys Ther. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations. Future studies involving youth with CP should define a more functional test of muscular power Notwithstanding this limitation, it is important to note that muscular power generation directly influences performance in tests of stability and anaerobic endurance In addition, these tests take into account the stretch-shortening cycle, key for gait efficiency, which should be addressed in future studies as plyometric Moreau et al.

J Rehabil Med. There are 55 immigration records available for the last name Zainal. Verbal assent was obtained from each participant and written parental permission approved by the local ethics committee at the hospital was obtained from the parents. Gait Posture. The first metabolic test consisted of a 6-min walk over 5 m. Knee flexion was measured in each leg and was defined as the lowest angle reached with the passive force of a therapist without any modification of the initial position. Pediatr Phys Ther. Only the concentric phase of the movement was used for mean power calculations.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil. Functional outcomes of strength training in spastic cerebral palsy. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. In the plural, these just drop the final - o :. The same team of researchers evaluated all participants throughout the study period. Although few leg press data in pediatric populations are available for comparison, Scholtes et al. Role of cocontraction in the O2 cost of walking in children with cerebral palsy. Maximal treadmill performance of children with cerebral palsy.

Phys Ther. View Census Data for Zainal. Updated January 18, These change only in the article interestingly they change in English in the plural :. Using total load body mass plus overload and the average velocity of the best lifting performance of three trials, mean power w was calculated. J Strength Cond Res. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. When expressing 1 RM leg press strength relative to body mass, we found youth with CP had a relative strength measure of 1. Daily physical activity of schoolchildren with spastic diplegia and of healthy control subjects. Although several cardiorespiratory and metabolic variables showed minimal differences between groups, differences in neuromuscular performance between healthy participants and youth with CP were most apparent.

Zainal Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics like red hair. Tests were conducted in the same order for all participants and a 5-min rest interval between each test was permitted Table 2. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Zainal census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more. J Rehabil Med. Although several cardiorespiratory and metabolic variables showed minimal differences between groups, differences in neuromuscular performance between healthy participants and youth with CP were most apparent. Last Name. The same team of researchers evaluated all participants throughout the study period. There are 2 census records available for the last name Zainal. If subjects were able to maintain the desired position or movement for 10 sec for exercises 1 to 6 and 30 sec for exercise 7 then 2 points were recorded. Italian Language Expert.

Again, there is nothing wrong with looking up a plural while you are committing your new vocabulary to memory. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol. Subjects performed three continuous timed attempts. All participants with CP maintained their normal physical therapy treatments throughout the study period. To our knowledge, this is the first trial with a substantial sample size to compare healthy youth with participants who have CP over a wide range of cardiorespiratory, metabolic, and neuromuscular performance parameters. Measurements Body weight BW was measured on a calibrated electronic scale and height was measured using a stadiometer. All subjects performed a series of tests to assess strength, power, agility, stability, and flexibility. Knee flexion was measured in a prone position with the shoulders, hips, and knees in contact with the floor.

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Zaino rana

Left and right sides were evaluated independently and the difference between them was calculated. There are 2 census records available for the last name Zainal. For the veterans among your Zainal ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions. Received Jan 15; Accepted Mar Bull Hosp Jt Dis. Subjects performed three continuous timed attempts. Many, many Italian nouns have eccentric ways of pluralizing:. Fitness performance was closely supervised and assessed by a physician, a physical therapist, and a clinical exercise physiologist.

Tests were conducted in the same order for all participants and a 5-min rest interval between each test was permitted Table 2. Only the concentric phase of the movement was used for mean power calculations. The same team of researchers evaluated all participants throughout the study period. Metabolic tests The first metabolic test consisted of a 6-min walk over 5 m. Maximal oxygen uptake VO 2 max was recorded as the highest VO 2 value obtained for any continuous 1-min period during the test. These pluralize in what appears to be a singular feminine with a plural article:. Neuromuscular tests All subjects performed a series of tests to assess strength, power, agility, stability, and flexibility. Due to these impairments, many individuals with CP have difficulty walking independently, navigating uneven terrain, and performing daily physical functioning Damiano and Abel, J Strength Cond Res.

Since the lingering effects of fatigue from the global test battery could influence energy cost and metabolic measures, these tests were performed first. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. Timed up and down stairs test: preliminary reliability and validity of a new measure of functional mobility. Published online Apr Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Consequently, integrative fitness training which addresses several elements of fitness including neuromuscular performance is indicated for youth with CP. Evaluation by exercise testing of the child with cerebral palsy. Due to these impairments, many individuals with CP have difficulty walking independently, navigating uneven terrain, and performing daily physical functioning Damiano and Abel, Using total load body mass plus overload and the average velocity of the best lifting performance of three trials, mean power w was calculated. For example, we found the greatest differences between groups were related to measures of static and dynamic stability since the TUG, TUDS and stability tests required participants to turn around, climb up, climb down, stand and balance.

These observations may be due to the difficulty of the test as well as the testing methodology. Use census records and voter lists to see where families with the Zainal surname lived. It appears that as the neuromuscular demands of a selected performance measure increase, the differences in performance between healthy participants and youth with CP become more apparent. In the present investigation, the most notable differences between healthy youth and participants with CP were found in measures of stability and anaerobic endurance. Cher Hale. The best score of two trials was measured to the nearest cm. A 0 score was recorded if the participant was unable to maintain the proper position and 1 point was recorded if they had difficulties but were able to maintain the desired position for 2 to 10 sec. Of course, it is essential that you learn which nouns are feminine or masculine—or how to recognize them—and how to correctly make a singular noun into a plural.

Table 2 Tests order. The article, together with a series of other parts of speech in a sentence such as adjectives and pronouns, tell you if a noun is masculine or feminine. For the veterans among your Zainal ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions. The capacity to improve the physical fitness of youth with CP and enhance their daily functioning is of interest to therapists and researchers because youth with CP tend to have relatively low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness Hoofwijk et al. With them, the article la changes to le. Effect of isokinetic strength-training on functional ability and walking efficiency in adolescents with cerebral palsy. Role of cocontraction in the O2 cost of walking in children with cerebral palsy. You know about - a and - o from proper names, if nothing else: Mario is a guy; Maria is a girl though there are some exceptions there, too. The second agility test was the TUDS and consisted of climbing up and walking down 12 stairs as fast as possible Zaino et al.

Subjects performed two tests to assess agility which have been used by our clinical group in pediatric populations. The power assessment did not require an ankle plantarflexion action while agility, stability, and anaerobic endurance tasks take into account ankle plantarflexor power generation, the specific power assessment used in our investigation did not take this into account. Also, power was assessed before strength to maximize performance. Of course, it is essential that you learn which nouns are feminine or masculine—or how to recognize them—and how to correctly make a singular noun into a plural. A 0 score was recorded if the participant was unable to maintain the proper position and 1 point was recorded if they had difficulties but were able to maintain the desired position for 2 to 10 sec. Il muro the wall has two plurals: le mura to mean the walls of a city, but i muri to mean the walls of a house. When they pluralize, they and their articles follow normal patterns for their genders:. Since the lingering effects of fatigue from the global test battery could influence energy cost and metabolic measures, these tests were performed first.

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Zaino rana

View all Zainal immigration records. There were certain limitations associated with this study which should be considered when evaluating these data. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Gait Posture. Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics like red hair. Italian Language Expert. A lower body repetition maximum RM test was used to estimate maximal dynamic muscular strength using a child-size variable resistance machine Strive Inc. Of course, it is essential that you learn which nouns are feminine or masculine—or how to recognize them—and how to correctly make a singular noun into a plural. Walking speed was calculated from the time it took to perform 3 contacts with the same foot and step length was calculated from frequency and speed. This was higher than the general public life expectancy which was

Subjects performed only one trial of this test. A tiny but important category of exceptions, both in the singular and the plural:. First, youth with CP and healthy participants were matched for age, height, and body mass, although subjects in our investigation included children and adolescents age range, 6 to 15 yr. Published online Apr If there was disagreement, the opinion of a third researcher was obtained Lucía et al. This page needs Javascript enabled in order to work properly. Muscle strengthening in children and adolescents with spastic cerebral palsy: considerations for future resistance training protocols. Italian Language Expert. Pathophysiological factors which limit the exercise capacity of the sick child. Neuromuscular adaptations to eccentric strength training in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy.

Consequently, integrative fitness training which addresses several elements of fitness including neuromuscular performance is indicated for youth with CP. The first neuromuscular test was a power half squat. Anaerobic performance was performed last since these fatiguing tests consist of relatively short-term, high intensity exercise bouts. Discover More. Each agility test was performed twice with a 1-min rest period between trials and the best time was recorded to the nearest 0. Global stability for each leg and relative differences between legs were used for data analysis. Moreover, the available data on anaerobic testing and training on youth with CP is scanty which is surprising since most childhood activities are characterized by short bursts of high intensity activity followed by brief periods of rest as needed Bailey et al. Subsequently, they stood up and walked as fast as possible to a 3-m mark and then returned to the seat. All participants with CP maintained their normal physical therapy treatments throughout the study period.

When expressing 1 RM leg press strength relative to body mass, we found youth with CP had a relative strength measure of 1. Explore Your Tree. Share Flipboard Email. While the available data indicate that youth with CP may benefit from exercise training Verschuren et al. Occupation can tell you about your ancestor's social and economic status. Effectiveness of functional progressive resistance exercise strength training on muscle strength and mobility in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. Future studies involving youth with CP should define a more functional test of muscular power Notwithstanding this limitation, it is important to note that muscular power generation directly influences performance in tests of stability and anaerobic endurance In addition, these tests take into account the stretch-shortening cycle, key for gait efficiency, which should be addressed in future studies as plyometric Moreau et al. Knee flexion was measured in each leg and was defined as the lowest angle reached with the passive force of a therapist without any modification of the initial position. Passenger List There are 55 immigration records available for the last name Zainal.

Mostly—and you will see that there are some exceptions—nouns ending in - o are masculine and nouns ending in - a are feminine and then there is the vast world of sostantivi in - e , which we discuss below. J Pediatr. Whole-body vibration training compared with resistance training: effect on spasticity, muscle strength and motor performance in adults with cerebral palsy. These change only in the article interestingly they change in English in the plural :. Second, youth with CP were receiving usual physiotherapy treatment during the study period. As such, the lower peak VO 2 and shorter time to exhaustion in children and adolescents with CP would be partially dependant on peripheral limitations both muscular and mechanical as previously reported Hoofwijk et al. Alternatively, you need to look it up. Sports Med. Left and right sides were evaluated independently and the difference between them was calculated.

Functional outcomes of strength training in spastic cerebral palsy. Children in both groups participated in 3 familiarization sessions on nonconsecutive days of the week prior to testing in order to practice each test protocol and become familiar with the equipment. Due to these impairments, many individuals with CP have difficulty walking independently, navigating uneven terrain, and performing daily physical functioning Damiano and Abel, Pathophysiological factors which limit the exercise capacity of the sick child. The major finding from this study was that previously reported differences in cardiorespiratory fitness between healthy children and children with CP were also observed in other fitness measures including muscular strength, speed, agility, anaerobic endurance, flexibility, and balance. Each agility test was performed twice with a 1-min rest period between trials and the best time was recorded to the nearest 0. Testing protocols and, more particularly, sample differences in motor limitations could explain these differences. To address this gap in the research literature, the current study compared cardiorespiratory fitness, energy expenditure, anaerobic endurance, muscle strength, agility, stability, balance, and flexibility in children with CP with healthy, age- and sex-matched children. Feminine nouns in - ca and - ga pluralize for the most part to - che and - ghe :. Knee flexion was measured in a prone position with the shoulders, hips, and knees in contact with the floor.

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Zaino rana

Am J Phys Med Rehabil. Walking speed was calculated from the time it took to perform 3 contacts with the same foot and step length was calculated from frequency and speed. Furthermore, the aim of the treatment administered would also determine test selection, thus future studies should broaden fitness assessments to comply with the different rehabilitations goals proposed for children with CP. Timed up and down stairs test: preliminary reliability and validity of a new measure of functional mobility. While the available data indicate that youth with CP may benefit from exercise training Verschuren et al. Thus, the energy cost at a given speed i. Received Jan 15; Accepted Mar Maximal oxygen uptake VO 2 max was recorded as the highest VO 2 value obtained for any continuous 1-min period during the test. If subjects were able to maintain the desired position or movement for 10 sec for exercises 1 to 6 and 30 sec for exercise 7 then 2 points were recorded. Explore Your Tree.

Although Liao et al. The capacity to improve the physical fitness of youth with CP and enhance their daily functioning is of interest to therapists and researchers because youth with CP tend to have relatively low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness Hoofwijk et al. Forty children with CP 21 males and 19 females and 40 healthy children 21 males and 19 females participated in the study. Fitness performance was closely supervised and assessed by a physician, a physical therapist, and a clinical exercise physiologist. There are 2 census records available for the last name Zainal. Effectiveness of functional progressive resistance exercise strength training on muscle strength and mobility in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. The article, together with a series of other parts of speech in a sentence such as adjectives and pronouns, tell you if a noun is masculine or feminine. Neuromuscular tests All subjects performed a series of tests to assess strength, power, agility, stability, and flexibility.

Thus, the energy cost at a given speed i. Walking speed was calculated from the time it took to perform 3 contacts with the same foot and step length was calculated from frequency and speed. External link. Cher Hale. Identification of a core set of exercise tests for children and adolescents with cerebral palsy: a Delphi survey of researchers and clinicians. Effectiveness of loaded sit-to-stand resistance exercise for children with mild spastic diplegia: a randomized clinical trial. Published online Apr However, walking speed was significantly higher in healthy children which highlights their better walking economy. The time difference between 1st and 3rd trials was used to determine a fatigue index which represented a decrement in performance as a percentage of time lost. Anaerobic performance was performed last since these fatiguing tests consist of relatively short-term, high intensity exercise bouts.

Il muro the wall has two plurals: le mura to mean the walls of a city, but i muri to mean the walls of a house. The second agility test was the TUDS and consisted of climbing up and walking down 12 stairs as fast as possible Zaino et al. Research assistants provided technical support and encouragement throughout the study period. These observations may be due to the difficulty of the test as well as the testing methodology. Subjects performed three continuous timed attempts. However, walking speed was significantly higher in healthy children which highlights their better walking economy. Phys Ther. Healthy subjects had superior performance on most of the performance measures used in this investigation. Neuromuscular tests All subjects performed a series of tests to assess strength, power, agility, stability, and flexibility.

The second metabolic test was used to calculate a fatigue index and consisted of climbing up and walking down twelve stairs as fast as possible. This is not something you or anyone else decides or chooses: It just is. The first test was the time up and go TUG whereby participants started from a seated position with their hands crossed over their chest Podsiadlo and Richardson, Metabolic tests The first metabolic test consisted of a 6-min walk over 5 m. Anaerobic performance was performed last since these fatiguing tests consist of relatively short-term, high intensity exercise bouts. There were certain limitations associated with this study which should be considered when evaluating these data. Descriptive data for both groups is presented in Table 1. Italian Language Expert. All participants with CP maintained their normal physical therapy treatments throughout the study period.

Study design Children in both groups participated in 3 familiarization sessions on nonconsecutive days of the week prior to testing in order to practice each test protocol and become familiar with the equipment. The inclusion criteria were that each subject a was aged between 6 yr and 15 yr old; b had been diagnosed as a spastic diplegic by a medical practitioner; c had a Gross Motor Function Classification System of level I or II determined by a medical pratitioner; d had not been subject to any orthopedic surgery for the year preceding the start of the study; e had not been subject to any botulinum toxin injection to the lower extremities for three months preceding the start of the study; and f had nonaffected cognitive abilities. The insertion of the h keeps the hard sound in the plural. View Census Data for Zainal. Spastic cerebral palsy CP is a chronic, neuromuscular disorder which is characterized by increased muscle tone and spasticity, muscle weakness, poor coordination, muscle strains, bone deformities, and muscle rigidity. The first metabolic test consisted of a 6-min walk over 5 m. Famous Zainal Family Ancestors Discover the unique achievements of ancestors in your family tree. For the veterans among your Zainal ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

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Zaino rana

Rapid force generation is impaired in cerebral palsy and is related to decreased muscle size and functional mobility. During the cardiovascular assessment, metabolic thresholds were at the same estimated percent maximal HR. Passenger List There are 55 immigration records available for the last name Zainal. Table 2 Tests order. There are 5 military records available for the last name Zainal. Support Center Support Center. Exercise programs for children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review of the literature. Lap times were recorded every time they reached the first step. Alternatively, you need to look it up.

Search US census records for Zainal. First, youth with CP and healthy participants were matched for age, height, and body mass, although subjects in our investigation included children and adolescents age range, 6 to 15 yr. These observations may affect the generalizability of our findings to other populations with CP. Ped Phys Ther. To know whether a word that ends in - e is feminine or masculine you can look at the article, if you have one available, or other clues in the sentence. Differences for maximal power assessments in the present study were not so apparent between healthy children and children with CP. These observations may be due to the difficulty of the test as well as the testing methodology. Role of cocontraction in the O2 cost of walking in children with cerebral palsy.

Only the concentric phase of the movement was used for mean power calculations. A lower body repetition maximum RM test was used to estimate maximal dynamic muscular strength using a child-size variable resistance machine Strive Inc. Subjects performed two tests to assess agility which have been used by our clinical group in pediatric populations. Knee flexion was measured in a prone position with the shoulders, hips, and knees in contact with the floor. During the test, subjects supported a light plastic stick on their shoulders which was connected to an encoder system to measure power Real Power, Globus, Codognè, Italy. Search US census records for Zainal. Table 2 Tests order. These findings highlight the importance of identifying specific fitness abilities in need of improvement in youth with CP, and emphasize the importance of developing targeted training interventions to enhance functional fitness performance in this clinical population. Percentage differences in metabolic, cardiorespiratory, and neuromuscular grouped parameters in youth with cerebral palsy CP vs healthy, age-matched controls.

The same for il braccio the arm : le braccia to mean the arms of a person, but i bracci for the arms of a chair. Interestingly, in Italian most fruits are feminine— la mela the apple , la pesca the peach , l'oliva the olive —but fruit trees are masculine: il melo the apple tree , il pesco the peach tree , and l'ulivo the olive tree. Subjects performed only one trial of this test. The aim of this study was to assess metabolic, cardiorespiratory, and neuromuscular fitness parameters in children with spastic cerebral palsy CP and to compare these findings with typically developing children. Only the concentric phase of the movement was used for mean power calculations. This is not something you or anyone else decides or chooses: It just is. The article, together with a series of other parts of speech in a sentence such as adjectives and pronouns, tell you if a noun is masculine or feminine. Effect of isokinetic strength-training on functional ability and walking efficiency in adolescents with cerebral palsy.

Also, power was assessed before strength to maximize performance. In fact, most nouns that end in - co take - chi in the plural; most nouns that end in - go take - ghi in the plural. External link. Maximal oxygen uptake VO 2 max was recorded as the highest VO 2 value obtained for any continuous 1-min period during the test. Table 4 illustrates these findings and other cardiorespiratory data. Knee flexion was measured in a prone position with the shoulders, hips, and knees in contact with the floor. Open in a separate window. Words of foreign origin stay unchanged in the plural no s ; only the article changes. Mostly—and you will see that there are some exceptions—nouns ending in - o are masculine and nouns ending in - a are feminine and then there is the vast world of sostantivi in - e , which we discuss below.

In conclusion, our data indicate that differences previously reported in cardiorespiratory fitness between healthy youth and participants with CP are also evident in selected measures of metabolic and neuromuscular performance. A seven stage exercise test adapted from Kibler et al. Subjects were allowed to hold onto the handrails for safety and a research assistant was nearby. There are also male nouns in - e that have similar female counterparts:. Updated January 18, Gas exchange data was collected continuously using a portable system Medical Graphics Corp. Regularly, masculine nouns ending in - o become, in the plural, masculine nouns ending in - i. Res Dev Disabil. Average Zainal life expectancy in was 76 years.

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Zaino rana

A seven stage exercise test adapted from Kibler et al. Res Dev Disabil. Interestingly, in Italian most fruits are feminine— la mela the apple , la pesca the peach , l'oliva the olive —but fruit trees are masculine: il melo the apple tree , il pesco the peach tree , and l'ulivo the olive tree. The capacity to improve the physical fitness of youth with CP and enhance their daily functioning is of interest to therapists and researchers because youth with CP tend to have relatively low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness Hoofwijk et al. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol. It appears that as the neuromuscular demands of a selected performance measure increase, the differences in performance between healthy participants and youth with CP become more apparent. Percentage differences in metabolic, cardiorespiratory, and neuromuscular grouped parameters in youth with cerebral palsy CP vs healthy, age-matched controls. Daily physical activity of schoolchildren with spastic diplegia and of healthy control subjects.

Statistical analysis Student t -tests for independent samples were used for matching comparisons and for conditioning differences. Evaluation by exercise testing of the child with cerebral palsy. The aim of this study was to assess metabolic, cardiorespiratory, and neuromuscular fitness parameters in children with spastic cerebral palsy CP and to compare these findings with typically developing children. Descriptive data for both groups is presented in Table 1. These pluralize in what appears to be a singular feminine with a plural article:. This was higher than the general public life expectancy which was Phys Ther. Feminine nouns in - ca and - ga pluralize for the most part to - che and - ghe :.

Evaluation by exercise testing of the child with cerebral palsy. Knee flexion was measured in a prone position with the shoulders, hips, and knees in contact with the floor. You know about - a and - o from proper names, if nothing else: Mario is a guy; Maria is a girl though there are some exceptions there, too. Interestingly, in Italian most fruits are feminine— la mela the apple , la pesca the peach , l'oliva the olive —but fruit trees are masculine: il melo the apple tree , il pesco the peach tree , and l'ulivo the olive tree. Due to the peripheral limitations in youth with CP and related safety concerns during exercise testing, all participants were allowed to hold the handrail of the treadmill with one hand and a research assistant stood on the frame of the treadmill behind each participant. Singular feminine nouns are accompanied by the definite article la , and singular masculine nouns by the definite article il or lo those that get lo are those that begin with a vowel, with s plus a consonant, and with gn , z , and ps , and when you pluralize the noun, you must also pluralize the article : la becomes le , il becomes i , and lo becomes gli. Global stability for each leg and relative differences between legs were used for data analysis. Healthy able-bodied children were recruited from two schools in the local community. The time difference between 1st and 3rd trials was used to determine a fatigue index which represented a decrement in performance as a percentage of time lost.

Research assistants provided technical support and encouragement throughout the study period. Table 4 Graded exercise results. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. This observation, along with the lower peak HR in children who have CP, may reflect the noteworthy importance of muscle endurance limitations during graded exercise testing in youth with CP. The time difference between 1st and 3rd trials was used to determine a fatigue index which represented a decrement in performance as a percentage of time lost. During the test, subjects supported a light plastic stick on their shoulders which was connected to an encoder system to measure power Real Power, Globus, Codognè, Italy. The best score of two trials was measured to the nearest cm.

Anaerobic performance was performed last since these fatiguing tests consist of relatively short-term, high intensity exercise bouts. Even in highly functional youth with CP, movements are often characterized by excessive knee and hip flexion which are characteristic of muscle weakness in the lower extremities Unnithan et al. The major finding from this study was that previously reported differences in cardiorespiratory fitness between healthy children and children with CP were also observed in other fitness measures including muscular strength, speed, agility, anaerobic endurance, flexibility, and balance. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol. Table 4 Graded exercise results. Alternatively, you need to look it up. Words that end in accento grave stay unchanged in the plural; only the article changes. The aim of this study was to assess metabolic, cardiorespiratory, and neuromuscular fitness parameters in children with spastic cerebral palsy CP and to compare these findings with typically developing children.

Identification of a core set of exercise tests for children and adolescents with cerebral palsy: a Delphi survey of researchers and clinicians. Pathophysiological factors which limit the exercise capacity of the sick child. Anaerobic performance was performed last since these fatiguing tests consist of relatively short-term, high intensity exercise bouts. Descriptive data for both groups is presented in Table 1. The major finding from this study was that previously reported differences in cardiorespiratory fitness between healthy children and children with CP were also observed in other fitness measures including muscular strength, speed, agility, anaerobic endurance, flexibility, and balance. Simply start with a family member and we'll do the searching for you. Received Jan 15; Accepted Mar Neuromuscular tests All subjects performed a series of tests to assess strength, power, agility, stability, and flexibility. Consequently, integrative fitness training which addresses several elements of fitness including neuromuscular performance is indicated for youth with CP. The best score of two trials was measured to the nearest cm.

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As such, the lower peak VO 2 and shorter time to exhaustion in children and adolescents with CP would be partially dependant on peripheral limitations both muscular and mechanical as previously reported Hoofwijk et al. No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported. J Rehabil Med. These data add to our understanding of the limitations in fitness performance in youth with CP as compared to age-matched healthy controls, and can be used as initial references values for identifying specific fitness abilities in need of improvement in this clinical population. While the available data indicate that youth with CP may benefit from exercise training Verschuren et al. Every minute, data for HR, oxygen consumption VO 2 , walking speed, and step frequency was recorded. J Strength Cond Res. These findings highlight the importance of identifying specific fitness abilities in need of improvement in youth with CP, and emphasize the importance of developing targeted training interventions to enhance functional fitness performance in this clinical population. Student t -tests for independent samples were used for matching comparisons and for conditioning differences.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The aim of this study was to assess metabolic, cardiorespiratory, and neuromuscular fitness parameters in children with spastic cerebral palsy CP and to compare these findings with typically developing children. Due to the peripheral limitations in youth with CP and related safety concerns during exercise testing, all participants were allowed to hold the handrail of the treadmill with one hand and a research assistant stood on the frame of the treadmill behind each participant. J Am Geriatr Soc. This page needs Javascript enabled in order to work properly. During the test, subjects supported a light plastic stick on their shoulders which was connected to an encoder system to measure power Real Power, Globus, Codognè, Italy. Table 3 Data from 6-min walk test. You know about - a and - o from proper names, if nothing else: Mario is a guy; Maria is a girl though there are some exceptions there, too.

Updated January 18, Every minute, data for HR, oxygen consumption VO 2 , walking speed, and step frequency was recorded. Verbal assent was obtained from each participant and written parental permission approved by the local ethics committee at the hospital was obtained from the parents. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure. Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics like red hair. Passenger List There are 55 immigration records available for the last name Zainal. Explore Your Tree. During the test, subjects supported a light plastic stick on their shoulders which was connected to an encoder system to measure power Real Power, Globus, Codognè, Italy.

Descriptive data for both groups is presented in Table 1. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol. The sit and reach test was performed following standard procedures with both feet at cm mark on the flexibility box. The first test was the time up and go TUG whereby participants started from a seated position with their hands crossed over their chest Podsiadlo and Richardson, Table 4 Graded exercise results. The role of core stability in athletic function. Search US census records for Zainal. Dev Med Child Neurol.

Pediatr Phys Ther. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations. Gait Posture. Participants practiced each test at submaximal levels and received guidance and instruction from the research staff. Sports Med. For the veterans among your Zainal ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions. Due to these impairments, many individuals with CP have difficulty walking independently, navigating uneven terrain, and performing daily physical functioning Damiano and Abel, More recently, a panel of experts identified a core set of exercise tests for children with CP that included aerobic and anaerobic measures Verschuren et al. Forty children with CP 21 males and 19 females and 40 healthy children 21 males and 19 females participated in the study.

Differences for maximal power assessments in the present study were not so apparent between healthy children and children with CP. Table 1 Physical characteristics. Discover More. Explore Your Tree. This was higher than the general public life expectancy which was Participants practiced each test at submaximal levels and received guidance and instruction from the research staff. Received Jan 15; Accepted Mar The aim of this study was to assess metabolic, cardiorespiratory, and neuromuscular fitness parameters in children with spastic cerebral palsy CP and to compare these findings with typically developing children. Timed up and down stairs test: preliminary reliability and validity of a new measure of functional mobility. Draft Card There are 5 military records available for the last name Zainal.

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Zaino rana

Heart rate and performance parameters in elite cyclists: a longitudinal study. The major finding from this study was that previously reported differences in cardiorespiratory fitness between healthy children and children with CP were also observed in other fitness measures including muscular strength, speed, agility, anaerobic endurance, flexibility, and balance. There are 2 census records available for the last name Zainal. Rapid force generation is impaired in cerebral palsy and is related to decreased muscle size and functional mobility. Pediatr Exerc Sci. Moreover, the available data on anaerobic testing and training on youth with CP is scanty which is surprising since most childhood activities are characterized by short bursts of high intensity activity followed by brief periods of rest as needed Bailey et al. J Rehabil Med. Effectiveness of functional progressive resistance exercise strength training on muscle strength and mobility in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial.

When expressing 1 RM leg press strength relative to body mass, we found youth with CP had a relative strength measure of 1. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Zainal census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more. Knee flexion was measured in a prone position with the shoulders, hips, and knees in contact with the floor. Even in highly functional youth with CP, movements are often characterized by excessive knee and hip flexion which are characteristic of muscle weakness in the lower extremities Unnithan et al. Last Name. Effectiveness of functional progressive resistance exercise strength training on muscle strength and mobility in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. All participants with CP maintained their normal physical therapy treatments throughout the study period. Explore Your Tree.

These change only in the article interestingly they change in English in the plural :. There were certain limitations associated with this study which should be considered when evaluating these data. Pediatr Exerc Sci. Tests were conducted in the same order for all participants and a 5-min rest interval between each test was permitted Table 2. The inclusion criteria were that each subject a was aged between 6 yr and 15 yr old; b had been diagnosed as a spastic diplegic by a medical practitioner; c had a Gross Motor Function Classification System of level I or II determined by a medical pratitioner; d had not been subject to any orthopedic surgery for the year preceding the start of the study; e had not been subject to any botulinum toxin injection to the lower extremities for three months preceding the start of the study; and f had nonaffected cognitive abilities. Bull Hosp Jt Dis. While the available data indicate that youth with CP may benefit from exercise training Verschuren et al. Moreover, the available data on anaerobic testing and training on youth with CP is scanty which is surprising since most childhood activities are characterized by short bursts of high intensity activity followed by brief periods of rest as needed Bailey et al. Due to the peripheral limitations in youth with CP and related safety concerns during exercise testing, all participants were allowed to hold the handrail of the treadmill with one hand and a research assistant stood on the frame of the treadmill behind each participant.

A tiny but important category of exceptions, both in the singular and the plural:. Measurements Body weight BW was measured on a calibrated electronic scale and height was measured using a stadiometer. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. J Am Geriatr Soc. Zainal Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics like red hair. Pediatr Phys Ther. Research assistants provided technical support and encouragement throughout the study period. The major finding from this study was that previously reported differences in cardiorespiratory fitness between healthy children and children with CP were also observed in other fitness measures including muscular strength, speed, agility, anaerobic endurance, flexibility, and balance. Since the progressive workload was determined by speed and grade, the variable time was used for VT, RCT, and peak VO 2 comparisons between healthy youth and participants with CP. External link.

First, youth with CP and healthy participants were matched for age, height, and body mass, although subjects in our investigation included children and adolescents age range, 6 to 15 yr. Statistical analysis Student t -tests for independent samples were used for matching comparisons and for conditioning differences. Zainal Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics like red hair. Words of foreign origin stay unchanged in the plural no s ; only the article changes. Italian Language Expert. Received Jan 15; Accepted Mar It appears that as the neuromuscular demands of a selected performance measure increase, the differences in performance between healthy participants and youth with CP become more apparent. Famous Zainal Family Ancestors Discover the unique achievements of ancestors in your family tree. During the test, subjects supported a light plastic stick on their shoulders which was connected to an encoder system to measure power Real Power, Globus, Codognè, Italy.

Percentage differences in metabolic, cardiorespiratory, and neuromuscular grouped parameters in youth with cerebral palsy CP vs healthy, age-matched controls. Metabolic tests The first metabolic test consisted of a 6-min walk over 5 m. Knee flexion was measured in each leg and was defined as the lowest angle reached with the passive force of a therapist without any modification of the initial position. Med Sci Sports Exerc. Aerobic capacity in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Some are counterintuitive: fiore flower is masculine! Maximal oxygen uptake VO 2 max was recorded as the highest VO 2 value obtained for any continuous 1-min period during the test. The article, together with a series of other parts of speech in a sentence such as adjectives and pronouns, tell you if a noun is masculine or feminine. Furthermore, the aim of the treatment administered would also determine test selection, thus future studies should broaden fitness assessments to comply with the different rehabilitations goals proposed for children with CP.

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Dev Med Child Neurol. These observations may affect the generalizability of our findings to other populations with CP. Explore Your Tree. Knee flexion was measured in a prone position with the shoulders, hips, and knees in contact with the floor. First Name. A tiny but important category of exceptions, both in the singular and the plural:. And then there is a very large group of Italian nouns that end in - e that encompasses both masculine and feminine nouns, and that, regardless of gender, pluralize by taking the ending - i. Every minute, data for HR, oxygen consumption VO 2 , walking speed, and step frequency was recorded. No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported. Study design Children in both groups participated in 3 familiarization sessions on nonconsecutive days of the week prior to testing in order to practice each test protocol and become familiar with the equipment.

There are also nouns that are identical in the singular for male and female only the article tells you the gender —but in the plural change ending to suit the gender:. You've only scratched the surface of Zainal family history. Subjects performed two tests to assess agility which have been used by our clinical group in pediatric populations. Moreover, the available data on anaerobic testing and training on youth with CP is scanty which is surprising since most childhood activities are characterized by short bursts of high intensity activity followed by brief periods of rest as needed Bailey et al. The first test was the time up and go TUG whereby participants started from a seated position with their hands crossed over their chest Podsiadlo and Richardson, J Strength Cond Res. Draft Card There are 5 military records available for the last name Zainal. Gas exchange data was collected continuously using a portable system Medical Graphics Corp. Alternatively, you need to look it up. To know whether a word that ends in - e is feminine or masculine you can look at the article, if you have one available, or other clues in the sentence.

Anaerobic performance was performed last since these fatiguing tests consist of relatively short-term, high intensity exercise bouts. Effectiveness of loaded sit-to-stand resistance exercise for children with mild spastic diplegia: a randomized clinical trial. In conclusion, our data indicate that differences previously reported in cardiorespiratory fitness between healthy youth and participants with CP are also evident in selected measures of metabolic and neuromuscular performance. Phys Ther. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations. Lap times were recorded every time they reached the first step. Furthermore, the aim of the treatment administered would also determine test selection, thus future studies should broaden fitness assessments to comply with the different rehabilitations goals proposed for children with CP. These observations may be due to the difficulty of the test as well as the testing methodology. J Exerc Rehabil.

Average Zainal life expectancy in was 76 years. Daily physical activity of schoolchildren with spastic diplegia and of healthy control subjects. Ready to discover your family story? Table 4 illustrates these findings and other cardiorespiratory data. However, walking speed was significantly higher in healthy children which highlights their better walking economy. Bar-Or noted that anaerobic endurance was the best indicator of functional capacity in children with neural disorders since most of their tasks fall into this metabolic milieu. Beware: Among female nouns there are some that end in - cia and - gia that pluralize in - cie and - gie —. Gait Posture. Due to these impairments, many individuals with CP have difficulty walking independently, navigating uneven terrain, and performing daily physical functioning Damiano and Abel,

Cher Hale. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. Effectiveness of functional progressive resistance exercise strength training on muscle strength and mobility in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. The time difference between 1st and 3rd trials was used to determine a fatigue index which represented a decrement in performance as a percentage of time lost. As such, the lower peak VO 2 and shorter time to exhaustion in children and adolescents with CP would be partially dependant on peripheral limitations both muscular and mechanical as previously reported Hoofwijk et al. All participants with CP maintained their normal physical therapy treatments throughout the study period. The major finding from this study was that previously reported differences in cardiorespiratory fitness between healthy children and children with CP were also observed in other fitness measures including muscular strength, speed, agility, anaerobic endurance, flexibility, and balance. Furthermore, the aim of the treatment administered would also determine test selection, thus future studies should broaden fitness assessments to comply with the different rehabilitations goals proposed for children with CP. Bull Hosp Jt Dis. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations.

To our knowledge, no published research has included a comprehensive test battery that was specifically designed to assess cardiorespiratory, metabolic, and neuromuscular fitness performance in children with CP. Metabolic tests The first metabolic test consisted of a 6-min walk over 5 m. Role of cocontraction in the O2 cost of walking in children with cerebral palsy. View Census Data for Zainal. Subjects were allowed to hold onto the handrails for safety and a research assistant was nearby. A lower body repetition maximum RM test was used to estimate maximal dynamic muscular strength using a child-size variable resistance machine Strive Inc. J Rehabil Med. Support Center Support Center.

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Verbal assent was obtained from each participant and written parental permission approved by the local ethics committee at the hospital was obtained from the parents. Subjects performed the knee flexion and sit and reach tests to assess flexibility. To our knowledge, this is the first trial with a substantial sample size to compare healthy youth with participants who have CP over a wide range of cardiorespiratory, metabolic, and neuromuscular performance parameters. Evaluation by exercise testing of the child with cerebral palsy. Words of foreign origin stay unchanged in the plural no s ; only the article changes. Beware: Among female nouns there are some that end in - cia and - gia that pluralize in - cie and - gie —. Since the progressive workload was determined by speed and grade, the variable time was used for VT, RCT, and peak VO 2 comparisons between healthy youth and participants with CP. Global stability for each leg and relative differences between legs were used for data analysis. Phys Ther.

These pluralize in what appears to be a singular feminine with a plural article:. The first metabolic test consisted of a 6-min walk over 5 m. More recently, a panel of experts identified a core set of exercise tests for children with CP that included aerobic and anaerobic measures Verschuren et al. Table 2 Tests order. The selected loads for RM testing were based on data collected during the familiarization period. Spastic cerebral palsy CP is a chronic, neuromuscular disorder which is characterized by increased muscle tone and spasticity, muscle weakness, poor coordination, muscle strains, bone deformities, and muscle rigidity. J Pediatr Orthop. The physical fitness of contemporary children with CP is significantly less than healthy, age-matched children.

View all Zainal immigration records. During the cardiovascular assessment, metabolic thresholds were at the same estimated percent maximal HR. You've only scratched the surface of Zainal family history. In addition, the portable oxygen uptake system was supported by a research assistant during the test to reduce the weight bearing load on the participants. The power assessment did not require an ankle plantarflexion action while agility, stability, and anaerobic endurance tasks take into account ankle plantarflexor power generation, the specific power assessment used in our investigation did not take this into account. To address this gap in the research literature, the current study compared cardiorespiratory fitness, energy expenditure, anaerobic endurance, muscle strength, agility, stability, balance, and flexibility in children with CP with healthy, age- and sex-matched children. Aerobic capacity in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. These findings highlight the importance of identifying specific fitness abilities in need of improvement in youth with CP, and emphasize the importance of developing targeted training interventions to enhance functional fitness performance in this clinical population. Global stability for each leg and relative differences between legs were used for data analysis. If you are just learning a new noun in - e , you should look it up to find out.

Initial speed was set at 2. These observations may be due to the difficulty of the test as well as the testing methodology. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Research assistants provided technical support and encouragement throughout the study period. Significant differences in neuromuscular measures between groups can aid in the identification of specific fitness abilities in need of improvement in this population. J Pediatr. Open in a separate window. Subjects performed the knee flexion and sit and reach tests to assess flexibility. Received Jan 15; Accepted Mar In conclusion, our data indicate that differences previously reported in cardiorespiratory fitness between healthy youth and participants with CP are also evident in selected measures of metabolic and neuromuscular performance.

Pediatr Exerc Sci. Muscle strengthening in children and adolescents with spastic cerebral palsy: considerations for future resistance training protocols. Whole-body vibration training compared with resistance training: effect on spasticity, muscle strength and motor performance in adults with cerebral palsy. Neuromuscular adaptations to eccentric strength training in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. Both speed and grade were increased every 15 sec 0. In the plural, these just drop the final - o :. Cerebral palsy improvement achieved by coordination dynamics therapy. Knee flexion was measured in each leg and was defined as the lowest angle reached with the passive force of a therapist without any modification of the initial position. The second agility test was the TUDS and consisted of climbing up and walking down 12 stairs as fast as possible Zaino et al.

Many of the modern surnames in the dictionary can be traced back to Britain and Ireland. Future studies involving youth with CP should define a more functional test of muscular power Notwithstanding this limitation, it is important to note that muscular power generation directly influences performance in tests of stability and anaerobic endurance In addition, these tests take into account the stretch-shortening cycle, key for gait efficiency, which should be addressed in future studies as plyometric Moreau et al. Moreover, the available data on anaerobic testing and training on youth with CP is scanty which is surprising since most childhood activities are characterized by short bursts of high intensity activity followed by brief periods of rest as needed Bailey et al. A seven stage exercise test adapted from Kibler et al. You know about - a and - o from proper names, if nothing else: Mario is a guy; Maria is a girl though there are some exceptions there, too. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol. More recently, a panel of experts identified a core set of exercise tests for children with CP that included aerobic and anaerobic measures Verschuren et al. Effectiveness of functional progressive resistance exercise strength training on muscle strength and mobility in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. Feminine nouns in - ca and - ga pluralize for the most part to - che and - ghe :.

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Zaino rana

When they pluralize, they and their articles follow normal patterns for their genders:. Last Name. Famous Zainal Family Ancestors Discover the unique achievements of ancestors in your family tree. More recently, a panel of experts identified a core set of exercise tests for children with CP that included aerobic and anaerobic measures Verschuren et al. There are 2 census records available for the last name Zainal. As such, the lower peak VO 2 and shorter time to exhaustion in children and adolescents with CP would be partially dependant on peripheral limitations both muscular and mechanical as previously reported Hoofwijk et al. Avery D. Pediatr Phys Ther. In addition, the portable oxygen uptake system was supported by a research assistant during the test to reduce the weight bearing load on the participants. Since the lingering effects of fatigue from the global test battery could influence energy cost and metabolic measures, these tests were performed first.

J Exerc Rehabil. To know whether a word that ends in - e is feminine or masculine you can look at the article, if you have one available, or other clues in the sentence. Some are counterintuitive: fiore flower is masculine! The capacity to improve the physical fitness of youth with CP and enhance their daily functioning is of interest to therapists and researchers because youth with CP tend to have relatively low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness Hoofwijk et al. Table 2 Tests order. Second, youth with CP were receiving usual physiotherapy treatment during the study period. As such, the lower peak VO 2 and shorter time to exhaustion in children and adolescents with CP would be partially dependant on peripheral limitations both muscular and mechanical as previously reported Hoofwijk et al. Singular feminine nouns are accompanied by the definite article la , and singular masculine nouns by the definite article il or lo those that get lo are those that begin with a vowel, with s plus a consonant, and with gn , z , and ps , and when you pluralize the noun, you must also pluralize the article : la becomes le , il becomes i , and lo becomes gli.

The insertion of the h keeps the hard sound in the plural. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations. Tests were conducted in the same order for all participants and a 5-min rest interval between each test was permitted Table 2. This observation, along with the lower peak HR in children who have CP, may reflect the noteworthy importance of muscle endurance limitations during graded exercise testing in youth with CP. Dev Med Child Neurol. Evaluation of a community fitness program for adolescents with cerebral palsy. Famous Zainal Family Ancestors Discover the unique achievements of ancestors in your family tree. If there was disagreement, the opinion of a third researcher was obtained Lucía et al. Consequently, integrative fitness training which addresses several elements of fitness including neuromuscular performance is indicated for youth with CP.

Please review our privacy policy. Metabolic tests The first metabolic test consisted of a 6-min walk over 5 m. Even in highly functional youth with CP, movements are often characterized by excessive knee and hip flexion which are characteristic of muscle weakness in the lower extremities Unnithan et al. Abstract The aim of this study was to assess metabolic, cardiorespiratory, and neuromuscular fitness parameters in children with spastic cerebral palsy CP and to compare these findings with typically developing children. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Singular feminine nouns are accompanied by the definite article la , and singular masculine nouns by the definite article il or lo those that get lo are those that begin with a vowel, with s plus a consonant, and with gn , z , and ps , and when you pluralize the noun, you must also pluralize the article : la becomes le , il becomes i , and lo becomes gli. View all Zainal immigration records. If there was disagreement, the opinion of a third researcher was obtained Lucía et al.

The sit and reach test was performed following standard procedures with both feet at cm mark on the flexibility box. From a metabolic perspective, energy expenditure during the 6-min walk was similar between groups. Bull Hosp Jt Dis. Evaluation of a community fitness program for adolescents with cerebral palsy. It appears that as the neuromuscular demands of a selected performance measure increase, the differences in performance between healthy participants and youth with CP become more apparent. You've only scratched the surface of Zainal family history. Feminine nouns in - ca and - ga pluralize for the most part to - che and - ghe :. Subjects were allowed to hold onto the handrails for safety and a research assistant was nearby.

Some are counterintuitive: fiore flower is masculine! Tests were conducted in the same order for all participants and a 5-min rest interval between each test was permitted Table 2. Also, power was assessed before strength to maximize performance. The second agility test was the TUDS and consisted of climbing up and walking down 12 stairs as fast as possible Zaino et al. A seven stage exercise test adapted from Kibler et al. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations. View all Zainal military records. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

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Zaino rana

Support Center Support Center. Descriptive data for both groups is presented in Table 1. To know whether a word that ends in - e is feminine or masculine you can look at the article, if you have one available, or other clues in the sentence. There are a number of masculine nouns that end in - a and pluralize in - i :. The major finding from this study was that previously reported differences in cardiorespiratory fitness between healthy children and children with CP were also observed in other fitness measures including muscular strength, speed, agility, anaerobic endurance, flexibility, and balance. The first metabolic test consisted of a 6-min walk over 5 m. Subjects performed three continuous timed attempts. Vino , gatto , parco , and albero are masculine nouns wine, cat, park, and tree ; macchina , forchetta , acqua , and pianta are feminine car, fork, water, and plant.

Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics like red hair. Subjects performed three continuous timed attempts. Consequently, children with CP tend to engage in less regular physical activity than able-bodied peers and this can adversely affect their long-term health and well-being Van den Berg-Emons et al. Gait Posture. The second agility test was the TUDS and consisted of climbing up and walking down 12 stairs as fast as possible Zaino et al. Fitness performance was closely supervised and assessed by a physician, a physical therapist, and a clinical exercise physiologist. For example, we found the greatest differences between groups were related to measures of static and dynamic stability since the TUG, TUDS and stability tests required participants to turn around, climb up, climb down, stand and balance. Med Sci Sports Exerc.

The first neuromuscular test was a power half squat. Following the familiarization period, participants completed all study-related procedures during two testing sessions on nonconsecutive days. Fitness performance was closely supervised and assessed by a physician, a physical therapist, and a clinical exercise physiologist. Feminine nouns in - ca and - ga pluralize for the most part to - che and - ghe :. View Census Data for Zainal. To our knowledge, no published research has included a comprehensive test battery that was specifically designed to assess cardiorespiratory, metabolic, and neuromuscular fitness performance in children with CP. Ready to discover your family story? Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol.

Ready to discover your family story? These observations may be due to the difficulty of the test as well as the testing methodology. Click here for instructions on how to enable it in your browse. The article, together with a series of other parts of speech in a sentence such as adjectives and pronouns, tell you if a noun is masculine or feminine. Support Center Support Center. During the test, subjects supported a light plastic stick on their shoulders which was connected to an encoder system to measure power Real Power, Globus, Codognè, Italy. Since the progressive workload was determined by speed and grade, the variable time was used for VT, RCT, and peak VO 2 comparisons between healthy youth and participants with CP. A tiny but important category of exceptions, both in the singular and the plural:. Exercise programs for children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review of the literature.

Share Flipboard Email. To address this gap in the research literature, the current study compared cardiorespiratory fitness, energy expenditure, anaerobic endurance, muscle strength, agility, stability, balance, and flexibility in children with CP with healthy, age- and sex-matched children. The role of core stability in athletic function. No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported. If you are just learning a new noun in - e , you should look it up to find out. The capacity to improve the physical fitness of youth with CP and enhance their daily functioning is of interest to therapists and researchers because youth with CP tend to have relatively low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness Hoofwijk et al. J Exerc Rehabil. While the available data indicate that youth with CP may benefit from exercise training Verschuren et al. Published online Apr During the test, subjects supported a light plastic stick on their shoulders which was connected to an encoder system to measure power Real Power, Globus, Codognè, Italy.

Open in a separate window. J Pediatr. Body weight BW was measured on a calibrated electronic scale and height was measured using a stadiometer. Avery D. Zainal Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics like red hair. Pathophysiological factors which limit the exercise capacity of the sick child. Journal List J Exerc Rehabil v. These pluralize in what appears to be a singular feminine with a plural article:. The role of core stability in athletic function. Percentage differences in metabolic, cardiorespiratory, and neuromuscular grouped parameters in youth with cerebral palsy CP vs healthy, age-matched controls.

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Beware: Among female nouns there are some that end in - cia and - gia that pluralize in - cie and - gie —. Although several cardiorespiratory and metabolic variables showed minimal differences between groups, differences in neuromuscular performance between healthy participants and youth with CP were most apparent. External link. Measurements Body weight BW was measured on a calibrated electronic scale and height was measured using a stadiometer. While the available data indicate that youth with CP may benefit from exercise training Verschuren et al. Research assistants provided technical support and encouragement throughout the study period. Journal List J Exerc Rehabil v. Also, power was assessed before strength to maximize performance. Singular feminine nouns are accompanied by the definite article la , and singular masculine nouns by the definite article il or lo those that get lo are those that begin with a vowel, with s plus a consonant, and with gn , z , and ps , and when you pluralize the noun, you must also pluralize the article : la becomes le , il becomes i , and lo becomes gli. Healthy subjects had superior performance on most of the performance measures used in this investigation.

Il muro the wall has two plurals: le mura to mean the walls of a city, but i muri to mean the walls of a house. Although several cardiorespiratory and metabolic variables showed minimal differences between groups, differences in neuromuscular performance between healthy participants and youth with CP were most apparent. Effectiveness of loaded sit-to-stand resistance exercise for children with mild spastic diplegia: a randomized clinical trial. Aerobic capacity in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. Descriptive data for both groups is presented in Table 1. J Pediatr. Ped Phys Ther. Zainal Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics like red hair.

Due to these impairments, many individuals with CP have difficulty walking independently, navigating uneven terrain, and performing daily physical functioning Damiano and Abel, Effectiveness of functional progressive resistance exercise strength training on muscle strength and mobility in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. Bull Hosp Jt Dis. Evaluation of a community fitness program for adolescents with cerebral palsy. The article, together with a series of other parts of speech in a sentence such as adjectives and pronouns, tell you if a noun is masculine or feminine. When expressing 1 RM leg press strength relative to body mass, we found youth with CP had a relative strength measure of 1. This observation, along with the lower peak HR in children who have CP, may reflect the noteworthy importance of muscle endurance limitations during graded exercise testing in youth with CP. View Census Data for Zainal. Second, youth with CP were receiving usual physiotherapy treatment during the study period.

Effect of isokinetic strength-training on functional ability and walking efficiency in adolescents with cerebral palsy. Consequently, integrative fitness training which addresses several elements of fitness including neuromuscular performance is indicated for youth with CP. Feminine nouns in - ca and - ga pluralize for the most part to - che and - ghe :. Regularly, masculine nouns ending in - o become, in the plural, masculine nouns ending in - i. Subjects performed the knee flexion and sit and reach tests to assess flexibility. View Census Data for Zainal. For example, we found the greatest differences between groups were related to measures of static and dynamic stability since the TUG, TUDS and stability tests required participants to turn around, climb up, climb down, stand and balance. Healthy able-bodied children were recruited from two schools in the local community. Both speed and grade were increased every 15 sec 0. Fitness performance was closely supervised and assessed by a physician, a physical therapist, and a clinical exercise physiologist.

Percent differences in cardiorespiratory, metabolic, and neuromuscular performance between youth with CP and age-matched healthy participants are illustrated in Fig. Census Record There are 2 census records available for the last name Zainal. Maximal strength testing in healthy children. Measurements Body weight BW was measured on a calibrated electronic scale and height was measured using a stadiometer. Neuromuscular adaptations to eccentric strength training in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. Healthy able-bodied children were recruited from two schools in the local community. Statistical analysis Student t -tests for independent samples were used for matching comparisons and for conditioning differences. Future studies involving youth with CP should define a more functional test of muscular power Notwithstanding this limitation, it is important to note that muscular power generation directly influences performance in tests of stability and anaerobic endurance In addition, these tests take into account the stretch-shortening cycle, key for gait efficiency, which should be addressed in future studies as plyometric Moreau et al.

Functional outcomes of strength training in spastic cerebral palsy. Click here for instructions on how to enable it in your browse. Evaluation of a community fitness program for adolescents with cerebral palsy. There are also male nouns in - e that have similar female counterparts:. Abstract The aim of this study was to assess metabolic, cardiorespiratory, and neuromuscular fitness parameters in children with spastic cerebral palsy CP and to compare these findings with typically developing children. The sit and reach test was performed following standard procedures with both feet at cm mark on the flexibility box. To address this gap in the research literature, the current study compared cardiorespiratory fitness, energy expenditure, anaerobic endurance, muscle strength, agility, stability, balance, and flexibility in children with CP with healthy, age- and sex-matched children. These pluralize in what appears to be a singular feminine with a plural article:. Global stability for each leg and relative differences between legs were used for data analysis.

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Effectiveness of loaded sit-to-stand resistance exercise for children with mild spastic diplegia: a randomized clinical trial. Neuromuscular data are presented in Table 5. There are a number of masculine nouns that end in - a and pluralize in - i :. Census records can tell you a lot of little known facts about your Zainal ancestors, such as occupation.

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